In the latest episode of Guardian`Podcasts Politics Weekly, contributor Jonathan Lis said that in the “11th hour or five minutes before midnight” there must be “less illusion” about Theresa May`s backstop in December. The backstop would not apply if the UK left the EU without a deal, but the potential border problems remained. This is where the controversial backstop comes in. The full advice was published later, showing that the terms of the backstop could mean that the UK could face “long and repeated rounds of negotiations.”  In March 2019, further notices were issued that the Vienna Convention on Treaty Law could be used if it turned out that the backstop had a “socially destabilizing effect on Northern Ireland”.  In July 2019, Theresa May resigned and Boris Johnson became Prime Minister, boris Johnson saying he wanted to replace the Irish backstop as part of the withdrawal deal.  On 19 August, in a letter to the President of the European Council, the Prime Minister declared that the agreement was “undemocratic and incompatible with the sovereignty of the United Kingdom”.  He stressed that this was “not compatible with the UK`s desired end goal” for its relations with the EU. Its third reason for the unsurability of the backstop is that it “weakens” the Good Friday Agreement and the peace process in Northern Ireland. Tusk said opponents of the deal, without “realistic alternatives,” supported the re-establishment of a hard border on the island of Ireland. That`s the reality, “even if they don`t admit it,” he added. “The backstop is an insurance to avoid a hard border on the island of Ireland, unless an alternative is found,” Tusk tweeted.  The Irish Government considered that “the real objective of the backstop was to maintain the status quo by guaranteeing freedom of movement and not a hard border on the island of Ireland; which is of paramount importance to the GFA.
The reality is that Brexit is a threat to the GFA.  The need for a backstop – which was supposed to prevent a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic – was one of the first things the EU and the UK agreed on in the Brexit negotiations under Theresa May. In the House of Commons yesterday, May said they had 95 per cent reached a Brexit deal, but that there was “a real sensitive point.” The backstop. Yes, while the British government signed the withdrawal agreement, Theresa May faced strong opposition in the House of Commons, and the backstop was one of the reasons the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 230 votes on 15 January, inflicting the worst parliamentary defeat on a British government of all time. It was then defeated twice more, resulting in a postponement of Brexit to 31 October 2019 (or before the withdrawal agreement was adopted). Many Conservatives fear there will be no way out for the UK as soon as the backstop is triggered. The DUP opposes the need for regulatory controls for goods entering northern Britain and that the North must comply with certain Brussels-based rules. The party wanted assurances that a border along the Irish Sea would not appear, which the backstop formulation before the DUP intervention had remained usefully vague.
“Michael Gove, who is not a stupid man, and Boris Johnson and others came across themselves to say that they did not understand what their own government signed in December.