However, in this scenario, trade in goods between the rest of the UK and the EU would be much steeper. In addition, there would be new trade barriers for goods relocated from Britain to Northern Ireland. Indeed, in the absence of trade agreements, the United Kingdom would return to “WTO” trade terms with the EU, since this protocol does not provide substantial rules for trade in goods between the EU and the United Kingdom, with the exception of Northern Ireland. The previous “backstop” did so and this “backstop” could not be removed without the agreement of the EU and the United Kingdom. On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. However, the right of British citizens to move freely within the bloc after Brexit – as they currently can – remains in the air and is the subject of a possible future agreement. This applies to those who wish to retain as many of the UK`s EU benefits as possible. Under the UK`s withdrawal agreement, Northern Ireland will remain in the EU`s internal goods market to avoid a hard border with the Republic of Ireland. The government decided that the third vote in the House of Commons would only be through the withdrawal agreement and not through the declaration on future relations.
This was in part in line with a decision by the spokesperson, which insisted on significant changes from the previous vote. However, it ended in defeat by 58 votes. After 524 days of negotiations, Theresa May and the 27 other EU leaders have agreed on a deal that will be submitted to the British Parliament and European parliaments before the UK`s withdrawal on 29 March 2019. There is a 585-page withdrawal agreement that will form the basis of a legally binding treaty and a 26-page political declaration on future relations. The second document does not have the force of law, but it politically links the two parties to certain fundamental parameters in future discussions. Here is what was agreed in Brussels: it is above all this part of the withdrawal agreement that caused its defeat in January, thanks to the hostility of Conservative Eurosceptics and Northern Irish trade unionists. In the meantime, many “remains” claim that the agreement is much worse than the current conditions of accession and that it does not properly treat future relations. Some want to offer the public the opportunity to reverse the result of the 2016 referendum. Labour`s main opposition says the deal does not meet its six Brexit tests, including a customs union with the EU. The most important elements of the draft agreement were: The adoption of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month.
Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The approval by the British Parliament of the withdrawal agreement was one of the preconditions for the entry into force of its conditions. Without it, the standard legislation was for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union without a deal.